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Riparian Revegetation (PDF)


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Riparian Revegetation: An Account of 2 Decades of Experience in the Arid Southwest
by Bertin W. Anderson, Phillip E. Russell,
Robert Ohmart

PRICE: 10 $

ISBN: 0-9708504-0-9
Format: PDF,  268pp
Publisher: AVVAR Books (April 2004)

Contents:

CHAPTER 1: A RECENT HISTORY OF SOUTHWEST RIPARIAN AREAS
        Lower Colorado River  1
        History of Human Use  1
        Vegetation Changes  5
        The Pecos River  9
        The Rio Grande above Del Rio  12
        Other River Systems in Southern California  15
        Summary  17

CHAPTER 2: THE PATH TO REVEGETATION
        Introduction  19
        Vegetation and Associated Wildlife  19
        Wildlife Densities and Diversities  22
        Further Comparisons and Vegetation Manipulations  27
        Insect, Vegetation, and Avian Diet Associations  29
        Other Habitats  31
        Mammals  32
        Conclusions about Saltcedar as Wildlife Habitat  33
        Initial Efforts at Revegetation  34
        Initial Views on Revegetation  35
        Summary  37

CHAPTER 3: THE NINE-STEP PLAN FOR PLANTATION TYPE REVEGETATION
        Introduction  39
        Step 1: Preliminary Analysis  40
        Step 2: Propagation  42
        Step 3: Site Preparation  43
        Step 4: Intensive Soil Analysis  44
        Step 5: Tillage  46
        Step 6:  Irrigation System Design and Installation  47
        Step 7:  Planting  47
        Step 8:  Irrigation and Weeding  49
        Step 9:  Monitoring and Report  51
        Monitoring  51
        Reports  53
        Benefits Gained from Using the Nine-Step Plan  53
        Summary  54

CHAPTER 4: REVEGETATION: VARIABLES TO STUDY
        Introduction  57
        Factors Affecting Growth of Riparian Vegetation after 2 Seasons   59
        Summary  77

CHAPTER 5: FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH AND MORTALITY OF COTTONWOOD
        Introduction  79   
        Geographic Distribution of Trees Used for This Study  82
        Project Level Analyses  82
        Autecological Conditions Associated with Individual Trees in Control and
        Experimental Groups  84
        Potential Effects of Soil Electrical Conductivity on Growth and Survival  84
        Potential Effects of Varying Depth to the Water Table on Growth and Survival  87
        Potential Effects of Competition from Weeds on Growth and Survival
        88                
         Evaluation of Animal Damage on Growth and Survival
        89
        Trees Older than 3 Years  91
        Extended Irrigation as a Means of Overcoming Impediments to Tree Health 
        91        
        Summary  92

CHAPTER 6: FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH AND MORTALITY OF WILLOW
        Introduction  95
        Goodding Willow  95
        Coyote Willow along the Lower Colorado River  108
        Coyote Willow of the Santa Clara River Basin  113
        Arroyo Willow  116
        Pacific Willow  117
        Red Willow  117
        Generalities from Willow Work  118

CHAPTER 7: FACTORS AFFECTING GROWTH AND MORTALITY OF MESQUITE
        Introduction  123
        Honey Mesquite  124
        Screwbean Mesquite  128
        Velvet Mesquite  132
        Honey and Screwbean Mesquite in the Wild  134
        Effects of Soil Texture on Growth and Survival of Mesquite  135
        Summary  135

CHAPTER 8: SOME MINOR SPECIES
        Introduction  137
        Blue Palo Verde  137
        Quailbush  141
        Four-Winged Saltbush  143
        Quailbush and Four-Winged Saltbush in the Wild  144
        Wolfberry  146
        Pickleweed  147
        Emory Baccharis  147
        Fan Palm  149
        Desert Holly and Allscale  150
        Inkweed  153
        Marsh Plants  154
        An Ecological Perspective on this Suite of Species  154

CHAPTER 9: HOW SALTCEDAR AND ARROWWEED FIT INTO THE SCENE
        Introduction  159
        Saltcedar  160
        Arrowweed  162
        Distribution of Vegetation along the Lower Colorado River  163
        Distribution of Vegetation along Salt Creek  167
        Comparison of Conditions Available on Sites Chosen for Revegetation  171
        Summary and Conclusions  173

CHAPTER 10: REQUIREMENTS
        Introduction  175
        Definitions  177
        The Kinds of Problems  177
        Data for Determining “Requirements”  182
        Cottonwood  184
        Screwbean  187
        Goodding Willow  188
        Honey Mesquite  192
        Coyote Willow  195
        Blue Palo Verde  196
        Quailbush  197
        Yellow (Pacific) Willow  198
        Arroyo Willow  199
        Red Willow  200
        Wolfberry  201
        Guidelines for Establishing Height and Mortality Requirements  202
        Using the Requirement Tables:  Specific Examples  203

CHAPTER 11: JUDGING SUCCESS
        Introduction  205
        Review of Wildlife Values Associated with Various Riparian Habitats  206
        Evaluation of Cottonwood Projects  208
        Evaluation of Honey Mesquite Project  211
        Evaluation of Screwbean Mesquite Projects  214
        Evaluation of Willow Projects  215
        A Note on Irrigation and Wildlife Habitat  217
        Conclusions  217

CHAPTER 12: LARGE PROJECTS, NEW METHODS
        Introduction  221
        Yuma Reclamation Effort  222
        Anjohn Reclamation Effort  225
        Summary  235

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS  237
LITERATURE CITED  239
GLOSSARY  249
APPENDICES  257
INDEX  261

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